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Early views of Earth from space

人类最早从太空看到地球的图片

  
发布日期: 2010-06-25
V-2 view of Earth | 的V - 2查看地球
的V - 2查看地球 人类最早从太空看到地球的图片
在地球日的荣誉,是美国航天局在太空展示了我们家的意见,包括一些历史图片。宇航局说,这里是地球的照片,从超过100英里的高空看到最早的图画。 (向外部空间阈值通常被认为是60英里,如果我记得是“正确的东西是否正确。”)他们在1947年3月7日采取的,从被俘的德国V - 2火箭弹头,其中一个已被取代鼻锥内有一个摄像头。 

在那之前,美国航天局说,从海拔最高的地球照片一直采取为13.7英里的气球探险家II在1935年。
In honor of Earth Day, NASA is showing off a number of views of our home in space, including some historic images. The space agency says that the photos here are the first pictures of Earth seen from an altitude of more than 100 miles. (The threshold to outer space is generally considered 60 miles, if I remember correctly from "The Right Stuff.") They were taken on March 7, 1947, from a captured German V-2 rocket in which the warhead had been replaced by a nose cone that contained a camera.

Until that point, NASA says, the highest altitude from which pictures had been taken of Earth was 13.7 miles, from the Explorer II balloon in 1935.
TIROS-1 satellite view | 泰罗斯- 1号卫星视图
泰罗斯- 1号卫星视图 人类最早从太空看到地球的图片
该澄清是不是很大,但这个图片仍然是重大的。美国宇航局说,这一观点,从泰罗斯- 1号卫星于1960年4月1日,是地球的第一张照片从卫星拍摄的天气。
The clarity isn't great, but this image is momentous nonetheless. NASA says that this view, from the TIROS-1 satellite on April 1, 1960, is the first photo of Earth taken from a weather satellite.
Earthrise from the moon | 从月球地出
从月球地出 人类最早从太空看到地球的图片
在阿波罗8号在1968年12月访问是人类走出地球轨道的第一次。该航天器,携带弗兰克博尔曼,吉姆洛威尔,和威廉安德斯,盘旋10倍,然后返回家中的月亮。宇航员带回的“地出”,迅速成为新兴的环保运动与相关图像。
The Apollo 8 mission in December 1968 took humans out of Earth's orbit for the first time. The spacecraft, carrying Frank Borman, Jim Lovell, and William Anders, circled the moon 10 times before returning home. The astronauts brought back images of "Earthrise" that quickly became associated with the burgeoning environmental movement.
Earth from Apollo 17 | 地球从阿波罗17号
地球从阿波罗17号 人类最早从太空看到地球的图片
1972年12月,阿波罗17号是美国航天局的任务放在最后一个男人 - 尤金塞尔南和哈里森施密特月球上 - 。这从阿波罗17号航程图像显示整个地球的蓝色大理石大。 (附挂在墙上多年来,形象海报我是一个十几岁的时候 - 我相信我是从我的国家地理杂志订阅它。)
In December 1972, Apollo 17 was the last of the NASA missions to put men--Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt--on the moon. This image from the Apollo 17 voyage shows the whole big blue marble of Earth. (A poster of that image hung on my wall for many years when I was a teen--I believe I got it from my National Geographic subscription.)
Earth and moon | 地球和月亮
地球和月亮 人类最早从太空看到地球的图片
目前还不清楚什么时候采取了这种形象 - 它是从伽利略卫星,并于1989年10月发起并于1990年飞越地球和金星,并在1992年之前,地球再次进入木星轨道附近,于1995年。 (伽利略在2003年9月结束使命后,35木星轨道。因此它)的不完全是从空间对地球早期观点 - 但它是一个地球和月亮的一个显着的约3.9万英里远。 

这里就是你看到的,据美国航天局:“南极洲是透过云层可见(下)。月亮的那一边是见过,而在黎明的终结者影子缩进是南极艾特肯盆地,其中一个最大和最古老的月球撞击面貌。 “
It's not clear exactly when this image was taken--it's from the Galileo satellite, which was launched in October 1989, did flybys of Earth and Venus in 1990, and Earth again in 1992, before entering orbit around Jupiter in 1995. (The Galileo mission ended in September 2003, after 35 orbits of Jupiter.) So it's not exactly an early view of Earth from space--but it is a striking one of Earth and moon, from about 3.9 million miles away.

Here's what you see, according to NASA: "Antarctica is visible through clouds (bottom). The Moon's far side is seen; the shadowy indentation in the dawn terminator is the south pole Aitken Basin, one of the largest and oldest lunar impact features."